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City information: Patna

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Geographical position
It covers 5.29% (1,73,877 Sq. Kms) of the country's area. Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and the newly divided Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river ganga which flows through the middle from west to east. Situated in the Eastern part of India, Bihar lies between 21 degree 58' to 27 degree 31' North Latitude and 83 degree 19' to 88 degree 17'East longitude. Bihar can be broadly divided into two physiographic units, the Plains and the Plateau. The topography is mainly plain in the North, sloping towards the South has big rivers like Ganges, Gandak, Kosi, flowing through it.

Bihar is a vast stretch of fertile plain. It is drained by the Ganges River, including its northern tributaries Gandak and Koshi, originating in the Nepal Himalayas and the Bagmati originating in the Kathmandu Valley that regularly flood parts of the Bihar plains.

The Ganges divides Bihar into two unequal halves and flows through the middle from west to east. Other Ganges tributaries are the Son River, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Falgu. Though the Himalayas begin at the foothills, a short distance inside Nepal and to the north of Bihar, the mountains influence Bihar's landforms, climate, hydrology and culture. Central parts of Bihar have some small hills, for example the Rajgir hills. To the south is the Chota Nagpur plateau, which was part of Bihar until 2000 but now is part of a separate state called Jharkhand.

Bihar is mildly cold in the winter, with the lowest temperatures being in the range from 4–10 °C (39–50 °F). Winter months are December and January. It is hot in the summer, with average highs around 35–40 °C (95–104 °F). April to mid June are the hottest months. The monsoon months of June, July, August, and September see good rainfall. October, November, February, and March have a pleasant climate.

City information : Patna
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