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City information: Barddhaman

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State:Западная Бенгалия
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Geographical position
West Bengal is on the eastern bottle-neck of India, stretching from the Himalayas in the North to the Bay of Bengal in the south. The state has a total area of 88,853 km². The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region to the northern extreme of the state belongs to the eastern Himalaya. This region contains Sandakfu (3,630 m)—the highest peak of the state. After a brief Terai region starts the plains. The plains continues into the Ganges delta towards the south. The rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. A small coastal region is on the extreme south, while the Sundarbans mangrove forests form the most remarkable geographical landmark of the Ganges delta.

Ganges is the main river, which divides here— one branch entering Bangladesh as Padma or Pôdda and the other branch flows down West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and River Hooghly. The hilly region towards the north has rivers such as the Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka and the Mahananda. The western plateau region has rivers like the Damodar, Ajay and the Kangsabati. The Ganges delta and the Sundarbans area is full of rivers and creeks cover the region like a web.

West Bengal's climate is transitional between tropical savannah in the southern portions and humid subtropical in the north. The main seasons are summer, rainy season, a short autumn, and winter. While the summer in the delta region is noted for excessive humidity, the western highlands experience a dry summer like northern India, with the highest day temperature ranging from 38 °C to 45 °C . At nights, a cool southerly breeze carrying moisture from the Bay of Bengal is usually present. The early summer often sees brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi (Nor'westers). The monsoon lashes the whole state from June to September. West Bengal receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian ocean monsoon that moves in a northwest direction. Winter (December–January) is mild over the plains, average minimum temparatute being 15 °C. A cold and dry northern wind blows in the winter, substantially lowering the humidity level. However, the Darjeeling Himalayan Hill region experiences harsh winter, with snowfall at places.

City information : Barddhaman
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