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City information: Andamans

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State:Андаманские и Никобарские острова
Zip Code:3192
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Geographical position
The Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, is situated between 6° and 14° North Latitude and 92° and 94° East Longitude. The islands located north of 10° north latitude are known as Andaman Group of islands while islands located south of 10° north latitude are called Nicobar Group of islands. The climate of the islands can be defined as humid, tropical coastal climate. The islands receive rainfall from both the south west and north east monsoons and maximum precipitation is between May & December.

District of Andamans is Northern Part of Andaman & Nicobar Islands and comprises of 550 Islands, Islets and rocks out which only 26 are inhabited. Some of these islands are large such as Middle Andaman, North Andaman, South Andaman, Baratang and Little Andaman islands. The Total Area of Andamans District is 6,408 Sq.Kms. The highest point of the territory is also situated in this District at Diglipur. There are four primitive tribes in Andamans District and they have been recognised as belonging to the Negrito stock, namely Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas and Sentinelese.

Separated from Andamans group of Island by 145 Kms, wide 10 degree channel, Nicobars District has an area of 1841 kms, comprising 22 Islands Twelve of which are inhabited. The maximum length of Nicobars is 310 Kms and maximum width is 57.96 Kms. The extreme Southern most ‘Pigmalion Point’ presently known as Indira Point which is also southern most point of India, is 310 Kms from Car Nicobar and barely 140 Kms from Sumatra Island (Indonesia).

The total area of the Andaman Islands is some 6,408 km²; that of the Nicobar Islands approximately 1,841 km².

The original inhabitants of the islands lived in the forests on hunting and fishing. There are four Negrito tribes, viz., the Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinalese in the Andaman group of islands and two Mongoloid tribes, viz., Nicobarese and Shompens in the Nicobar group of islands.

Recorded forest is 7,171 sq km of the total geographical area of the islands. Many types of forests are found in the islands, such as tropical wet evergreen, tropical semi-evergreen, moist deciduous, littoral, mangrove and swamp forests. A large variety of timbers are found in the Andaman group of islands. The most valuable timbers are padauk and gurjan. These species are not found in Nicobar.

City information : Andamans
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